Introduction: The increase in the percentage of the Cesarean sections has got an important place in determination of modern obstetrics. The evaluation of that needs actual, modern opinion for obstetrics and transformation actual obstetric science than investigating the best situation for the mother and child in the actual moment. All medical, organizational, economic and ethical capacities with support of modern diagnostic and therapeutic procedures present a reason for the access in modern obstetrics. It takes the descriptive and analytic method at work. In our country the percentage of the Caesarean section is 15% (according to WHO data), with large variations in frequency depending on the writer and the investigated time. Aim: To investigate the prevalence of Cesarean section in Bosnia and Herzegovina until 2017. Patients and Methods: In our investigation made prospective and target analysis is investigated at 2017 as a target year. Sources are: patient charts, notes and charts of new born. Group A presents number investigated patients with made Cesarean section in time at one year (2017) in General hospital 'Prim.dr A.Nakas'. Group B presents control group with identical number of deliveries with Cesarean section in 2007 in General hospital 'Prim.dr A. Nakas' with all variables who detected in investigation group. Results: Analysis the number of deliveries finished Cesarean section in time from 2007 to 2017 in General hospital 'Prim.dr Abdulah Nakas' Sarajevo presents augmentation frequency from 15,5 % in 2007 year to 21,7 % in 2011; smaller number in 2012 to 20,3% and finally 22.9% in 2017 for all deliveries. Conclusion: Our investigation shows an important number of Cesarean section and is still working because of clearer obstetric indication but they make a vital indication for the mother and baby. It worries percent of poorly described indications, that are something important for the comfort of doctor and any patients that wants natural delivery. It worries the public because the more important short term and long-term unwanted effects; Cesarean delivery in correlation with augmentation of this operation. [Mater Sociomed 2018; 30(4.000): 287-289]

delivery, Cesarean section, Incidence

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