Clinical Analysis of Etiology, Risk Factors and Outcome in Patients with Acute Kidney Injury

Aida Hamzic-Mehmedbasic, Damir Rebic, Merima Balavac, Alma Muslimovic, Jasminka Dzemidzic Abstract Introduction: Acute kidney injury is characterized by a rapid loss of renal excretory function with the increase of nitrogen compounds in the blood and with different outcome. Objective: Since descriptions of the risk factors and sequelae of acute kidney injury (AKI) remain relatively limited,…

Role of Hypertension and Anaemia in Left Ventricular Remodelling in Patient with Renal Allograft in the First Post-transplant Year

Jasminka Dzemidzic, Senija Rasic, Damir Rebic, Snezana Uncanin Abstract Background: Hypertension (HT) and renal anaemia (RA) are well-established markers of cardiovascular risk in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). They appear to be the stimuli for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), who significantly participates in cardiac complications in uremic patients. Hypertension is extremely common after kidney…

Incidence of Subclinical Hypothyroidism in Renal Transplant Patients

Alma Halilcevic, Emir Hodzic, Enisa Mesic, Senaid Trnacevic Abstract Thyroid disorders are common in chronic kidney disease. The aim: The purpose of this study was to compare thyroid gland disorders among healthy participants and renal transplant patients and to assess the duration of dialysis on thyroid disorders before transplantation. Material and methods: Prospective study during…

High Prevalence of Early Chronic Kidney Disease in High Risk Outpatients

Ramajana Temimovic, Senija Rasic, Alma Muslimovic Abstract Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a significant public health problem. The aim of this study was to determine the presence of early stages of renal disease in hypertensive and diabetic outpatients without previously diagnosed renal damages. Methods: In this cross-sectional study we studied a random sample of…

The impact of Vascular Access on the Adequacy of Dialysis and the Outcome of the Dialysis Treatment: One Center Experience

Alma Mutevelic, Indira Spanja, Indira Sultic-Lavic, Amila Koric Abstract Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a gradually reduction in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) caused by destruction of a large number of nephrons. Kidney failure is the final stage of CKD with GFR 1.2. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software and Student T-test. Results: The…

Resistant Hypertension and Chronotherapy

Ingrid Prkacin, Diana Balenovic, Vesna Djermanovic-Dobrota, Iva Lukac, Petra Drazic, Iva-Klara Pranjic Abstract Resistant hypertension is defined as blood pressure that remains above 140/90 mmHg in spite of the continuous use of three antihypertensive agents in optimal dose, including diuretic, and lifestyle changes. According to data from United States of America and Europe, the prevalence…

Recipe from the Past for the Future: Public Health Intervention Represent a Process for Century

Nurka Pranjic, Jadranka Mustajbegovic, Davor Ivankovic, Josipa Kern, Silvije Vuletic Abstract In the poor Bosnia, in the early 20th century endemic syphilis was widespread. Combating this disease entailed the necessity of etiology research, diagnosis and clinical nature of the disease, as well as the insight into the epidemiological image of this unresolved health problem. Thanks…

Vitamin D in the Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: When, to Whom and in Which Form

Drasko Pavlovic, Dajana Katicic, Tonko Gulin, Josipa Josipovic Abstract Alteration in vitamin D metabolism has a central role in the pathogenesis of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and is also associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). For more than sixty years, vitamin D, nutritional vitamin D (ergocalciferol, cholecalciferol or…