Enisa Hodzic, Amira Drakovac, Edin Begic
Introduction. Heart rhythm disorders are quite common in the clinical course of acute myocardial infarction and have a significant influence on the prognosis of the disease. Aim. To investigate the type and frequency of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) by sex and age, according to localization of myocardial infarction, and correlated with troponin and C reactive protein (CRP). Patients and Methods. A prospective, analytical, comparative clinical study was performed. A total of 100 patients was included who were hospitalized at the Clinic for Heart Disease and Rheumatism at the Clinical Center University of Sarajevo for a period of 6 months, of both sexes, aged from 20 to 90 years. The occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias, CRP and troponin, were observed in relation to the localization (anterior and inferior myocardial wall). Results. It was found that men are more represented in comparison to women and that the largest number of males were in the age group of 51-60 years of life and women in the age group of 71-80 years. It has been established that there is no significant difference between ventricular arrhythmia according to localization of AMI. By determining the mean CRP and troponin levels, a positive correlation was found between CRP and troponin values and recorded ventricular arrhythmias. Conclusion. There is a positive correlation between the troponin and CRP values and ventricular arrhythmias, not related to the localization of AMI, which is important in prevention and planning the treatment of complications of potentially malignant ventricular arrhythmias and fatal outcome at AMI.
Keywords: troponin, CRP, myocardial infarction, ventricular arrhythmia.